Waste management is a problem all over the globe. Developed countries like the United Nations of America, UK, Germany, and other developed countries have a very modern waste management system that is technologically driven and uses all the types of machinery and in fact Internet of Things to pick up waste and manage it. Even the garbage trucks are very sophisticated with an advanced mechanism.
The developed countries have an excellent infrastructure and a defined budget to manage their waste. On the other hand, developing countries produce similar kinds of waste in equal or more quantities but lack waste management infrastructure, budgets, and technology. In order to compensate for the lack of resources, the developing countries use alternative waste management techniques. These techniques have two aims, one is to reduce the waste by recycling and other is to dispose of the trash in the dumpsters so that it vanishes as quickly as possible.
The 3 most common alternative techniques of waste management are:
- Allowing waste pickers at the dumping grounds: Rag pickers who are often banned at the dumping grounds to avoid human contact at the waste management plants. While many developing countries have the rag picking culture. There are many rag pickers who hover around the garbage dumps, once the garbage trucks unload the waste.
These rag pickers pick up the waste that can be recycled and leave the dumping ground with lesser waste everytime they leave the dump yard. The scavengers who collect the solid waste are leveraged by the developing countries to incorporate a sophisticated waste reduction system. Reducing waste is better than decomposing it any time.
- Using a traditional approach with the modern method: The waste management by treating the waste is a very hi-tech approach, the earlier approach of letting the compost decompose by worms. The dumping ground is kept in the most natural form and so that the worms can decompose off the organic waste and the waste is got rid off in the most natural way. This also takes away the infrastructural dependency.
- Managing compost at household levels: This is one of the most effective ways ever. In this type of waste management, the waste is reduced at the household level by engaging the household in waste management. The citizens are educated and motivated to take steps to manage their household waste themselves.
There are compost pits and recycling instructions that are given to the citizens. This way the pressure on the municipal corporations is reduced and waste management is a participative activity and doesn’t have singular dependency.
Waste management is a very tedious process and requires a lot of resources, both monetary and human resources. The developing countries are choosing alternative ideas of waste management to reduce waste management to overcome the challenges of low budget and lesser infrastructural facilities. Reducing waste is a great way to manage the waste as lesser the waste produced, lesser is the need to manage it. Some premium car manufacturer are also thinking to use eco-friendly fuel for their products in near future, all research in beta stage but they are trying to use the technology in pre-owned car like used Mercedes cars, so the cost of product can be kept minimum.